The lead manager provides various services as prescribed below, from the date of executing underwriting agreement to the date of listing :

In Korea, the lead manager is required to serve as the disclosure agent for at least two years following the listing of a foreign issuer’s stock. The lead manager would also submit the research report on the foreign issuer. This requirement is intended to enhance the due-diligence responsibility of the lead manager and to provide accurate information to investors according to the KRX disclosure rule.


A foreign company seeking listing on the KOSPI market does not have to sign disclosure agent agreement with the lead manager when the foreign company establishes an office in Korea and hires a person responsible for disclosure, who can communicate in Korean. Regardless of the business office in Korea, foreign issuers listed on the KOSDAQ Market shall sign a disclosure agent agreement with the lead manager.


Requirements for Lead Manager

To ensure the fairness of the due diligence process by the lead manager, any financial firm which is considered to have special interest in a foreign applicant is not allowed to become a lead manager for that applicant. In addition, any financial firm in any of the following cases may not serve as a lead manager for the applicant:

  • In the event the listing applicant or any affiliated person1) of the listing applicant holds 5% or more of equity securities2) of the prospective lead manager;
    fn. 1)
    an affiliated person : any of the board members, largest shareholder or affiliates of a relevant company, any board member of such affiliate, or any spouse or lineal ascendant of the foregoing
    fn. 2)
    equity securities: voting and non-voting shares, convertible bonds, bonds with warrants, exchangeable bonds, share warrants and any other securities similar thereto
  • In the event the lead manager holds 5% or more of the equity securities of the listing applicant;
  • In the event the lead manager and its affiliated persons collectively hold 10% or more of the equity securities of the listing applicant;
  • In the event a shareholder holding 5% or more of the equity securities of the lead manager and a shareholder holding 5% or more of the equity securities of the listing applicant are the same person or where one is an affiliated person of the other (except where either one is an institutional investor);
  • In the event any board member of the lead manager holds 1% or more of the equity securities of the listing applicant; or
  • In the event any board member of the lead manager or the listing applicant is an affiliated person of the listing applicant or the lead manager.